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Hypertension

Sapna Singh, MD -  - Primary Care Physician

Hackensack Primary Care

Sapna Singh, MD

Primary Care Physician located in Hackensack, NJ

It’s estimated that 1 in every 3 adult Americans have high blood pressure and only about 80% of people even know they have it. At Hackensack Primary Care in Hackensack, New Jersey, Dr. Sapna Singh offers effective diagnostics and treatment for hypertension to help you prevent heart disease and strokes. Even if you don’t have symptoms, you should get your blood pressure checked regularly as part of your preventive health care plan. To schedule a blood pressure check, call the office directly or book an appointment online.

Hypertension Q & A

What is hypertension?

Hypertension is more commonly known as high blood pressure. It is a condition that affects your heart health due to the elevated force of your blood against the artery walls.

Your blood pressure consists of the amount of blood your heart pumps, as well as the resistance to blood flow in your arteries. When blood is pumping through narrowed arteries, it results in high blood pressure.

There are two types of hypertension. In primary hypertension, there is no immediate cause of the condition. In most cases of primary hypertension, high blood pressure develops over many years, and if untreated, can result in chronic heart conditions.

In secondary hypertension, your high blood pressure may be the result of an underlying condition, including:

  • Kidney problems
  • Thyroid problems
  • Adrenal tumors
  • Obstructive sleep apnea

There are also medications that can cause hypertension, including certain prescription drugs and oral birth control, and over-the-counter cold medications.

What are the symptoms of hypertension?

During the early stages of high blood pressure, you may not experience any symptoms. However, increased blood pressure can still cause damage to your blood vessels. Without proper treatment, hypertension can put you at increased risk for heart disease, heart attack, and stroke.

In later stages, when your blood pressure becomes too high, you can experience frequent headaches, nosebleeds, and shortness of breath. These symptoms can indicate serious problems and should be assessed right away.

Hypertension develops gradually over time, and through routine blood pressure monitoring at your annual physical exam, Dr. Singh can detect it early enough for effective treatment.

What are the available treatment options for hypertension?

If Dr. Singh determines you have hypertension, she may recommend one or more treatments to help control it. These treatments may include oral medications and lifestyle changes.

These changes may include:

  • Quitting smoking
  • Eating a healthier diet
  • Limiting alcohol use
  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • Getting 30 minutes of exercise daily

Dr. Singh assesses your overall medical condition to create a custom treatment plan that effectively manages your hypertension issues. She may need to change your medications several times at first, until she finds a combination that works well.

To learn more about treating hypertension, schedule an appointment online or by phone at Hackensack Primary Care.